Is low fertility really a problem? Population aging, dependency, and consumption

Show simple item record Lee, Ronald Mason, Andrew Amporfu, Eugenia An, Chong-Bum Rosero-Bixby, Luis Bravo, Jorge Vaittinen, R. 2016-08-25T15:49:46Z 2016-08-25T15:49:46Z 2014
dc.description.abstract Longer lives and fertility far below the replacement level of 2.1 births per woman are leading to rapid population aging in many countries. Many observers are concerned that aging will adversely affect public finances and standards of living. Analysis of newly available National Transfer Accounts data for 40 countries shows that fertility well above replacement would typically be most beneficial for government budgets. However, fertility near replacement would be most beneficial for standards of living when the analysis includes the effects of age structure on families as well as governments. And fertility below replacement would maximize per capita consumption when the cost of providing capital for a growing labor force is taken into account. Although low fertility will indeed challenge government programs and very low fertility undermines living standards, we find that moderately low fertility and population decline favor the broader material standard of living. es_ES
dc.language.iso en es_ES
dc.publisher American Association for the Advancement of Science es_ES
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Costa Rica *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.subject Fertilidad es_ES
dc.subject Baja de la fecundidad es_ES
dc.subject Envejecimiento es_ES
dc.title Is low fertility really a problem? Population aging, dependency, and consumption es_ES
dc.title.alternative Science, 346(6206) es_ES
dc.type Article es_ES

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