The exceptionally high life expectancy of Costa Rican Nonagenarians

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dc.contributor.author Rosero-Bixby, Luis
dc.date.accessioned 2016-08-18T21:05:50Z
dc.date.available 2016-08-18T21:05:50Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.issn 0070-3370
dc.identifier.uri http://biblioteca.ccp.ucr.ac.cr/handle/123456789/1343
dc.description.abstract Robust data from a voter registry show that Costa Rican nonagenarians have an exceptionally high live expectancy. Mortality at age 90 in Costa Rica is at least 14% lower than an average of 13 high-income countries. This advantage increases with age by 1% per year. Males have an additional 12% advantage. Age-90 life expectancy for males is 4.4 years, one-half year more than any other country in the world. These estimates do not use problematic data on reported ages, but ages are computed from birth dates in the Costa Rican birth-registration ledgers. Census data confi rm the exceptionally high survival of elderly Costa Ricans, especially males. Comparisons with the United States and Sweden show that the Costa Rican advantage comes mostly from reduced incidence of cardiovascular diseases, coupled with a low prevalence of obesity, as the only available explanatory risk factor. Costa Rican nonagenarians are survivors of cohorts that underwent extremely harsh health conditions when young, and their advantage might be just a heterogeneity in frailty effect that might disappear in more recent cohorts. The availability of reliable estimates for the oldest-old in low- income populations is extremely rare. These results may enlighten the debate over how harsh early-life health conditions affect older-age mortality. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher The Population Association of America en
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Costa Rica *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/cr/ *
dc.subject Ancianos es
dc.subject Longevidad es
dc.subject Esperanza de vida es
dc.title The exceptionally high life expectancy of Costa Rican Nonagenarians en
dc.title.alternative Demography. 45(3) en
dc.type Article en


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Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Costa Rica Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Costa Rica

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