Saturated and cis- and trans-unsaturated fatty acids intake in rural and urban Costa Rican adolescents

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Monge Rojas, Rafael
dc.contributor.author Campos, Hannia
dc.contributor.author Fernández Rojas, Xinia
dc.date.accessioned 2016-07-11T19:20:37Z
dc.date.available 2016-07-11T19:20:37Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.uri http://biblioteca.ccp.ucr.ac.cr/handle/123456789/1069
dc.description.abstract Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the main cause of death in most Latin American countries, including Costa Rica [1]. Adolescents make up a significant proportion— on average 21%—of the general population in these countries. Also, the extent of atherosclcrotic change in early years is correlated with the presence of CHD factors in adults [2,3]. Eating habits associated with CHD risk are acquired early in life and may accelerate the development of this pathology [2,3]. Therefore, developing a healthy diet in adolescents may contribute to reducing the risk of CHD in adulthood [4]. The fatty acid composition of the diet is associated with CHD risk. Some prospective cohort studies [5,6], but not all [7,8] have found a significant positive association between saturated fat intake and risk of CHD. In the Nurses’ Health Study [9], replacing five percent of energy from saturated fat with CTj-unsaturated fats was associated with a 42 percent reduction in CHD. Similarly, trans fatty acid intake is associated with increased risk of CHD, and replacing two percent of the energy from trans fatty acids with non-hydrogenated unsaturated fats reduced the risk of CHD by 53 percent [9]. As expected, no association between trans fatty acid intake and CHD has been found in European countries were intake of trans fatty acids is low [10,11]. Using adipose biomarkers of intake, 18:2 trans fatty acids showed the highest association with CHD in population based case-control study in Costa Rica [12,13]. In contrast, both cis n-6 fatty acids (primarily linoleic acid, 18:2n-6) and cis n-3 fatty acids reduce the risk of CHD [14]. A synergistic relation between linoleic acid and alphalinolenic acid intake has been suggested by Djousse et al. [ 15], showing that the combined intake of these fatty acids may be associated with a greater reduction in the prevalence of CHD. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher American College of Nutrition en
dc.rights Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Costa Rica *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/cr/ *
dc.subject Enfermedades cardiovasculares es
dc.subject Consumo de alimentos es
dc.subject Patrones de consumo es
dc.subject Adolescentes es
dc.title Saturated and cis- and trans-unsaturated fatty acids intake in rural and urban Costa Rican adolescents en
dc.title.alternative Journal of the College of Nutrition, 24(4) en
dc.type Article en


Files in this item

The following license files are associated with this item:

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Costa Rica Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Atribución-NoComercial-CompartirIgual 3.0 Costa Rica

Search BVPS


Browse

My Account